Most people in the world celebrates New Year on January 1st according to Western Calendar, but Muslims have their own New Year called Al Hijra. On this special date at the previous time, the Prophet Muhammad, the last Prophet of Islam, and his disciples started their migration from Mecca to Medina in order to avoid danger.
When is Al Hijra 2013?
Al Hijra is celebrated on Muharram 1, the first date and the first month according to the Islamic calendar. All Hijra 2013 is predicted to fall on Monday, 4 November 2013.
When is Al Hijra 2012?
All Hijra 2012 was celebrated on Thursday, 15 November 2012.
Al Hijra 2013 History
The celebration of Islamic New Year started from the migration of the Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina. The migration was held due to the information received by the Prophet Muhammad about a plot to assassin him. Then, Muhammad and his followers planned to move to Yathrib, a city located in a far northern of Mecca, and traveled for 320 kilometers to reach the city. It is claimed that the very long distance from Mecca to Medina was travelled only in one night by the prophet Muhammad and his followers. The city where the Prophet Muhammad and his followers migrated is currently known as Medina while the city surrounding it is still called as Yathrib.
Al Hijra 2013 Tradition
There isn’t any unique nor special tradition to commemorate the Al Hijra day since the day is not intended to do any festivities but to reflect what people have done in the previous year. It is the moment for people to leave their bad things behind and keep the good ones. Many people also make their wishes and resolution for the coming year in the hope that their lives will be much better than before.
The Islamic Calendar
The Islamic Calendar becoming the reference to determine all Islamic Holy days is based on the moon revolution to the earth. Different with the Julian Calendar, Islamic Calender only has about 29 until 30 days a month and 354 days a year. It is the reason why the Islamic Calendar usually 11 days faster than the Julian Calender each year. For example, in 2009, the Al Hijra Day was fall on December 18, whilst in 2010, the Al Hijra Day was taken place on December 7, eleven days faster than the year before. Yet, the stipulation of the Al Hijra Day not always depend on the 11 days faster assumption, but it is specified by the sighting of Hilal or crescent moon. To make the sighting be more precise, the astronomical effects influencing the visibility of sighting are carefully calculated.