Ganesh Chaturthi is a Hindu festival to celebrate the birthday of Lord Ganesha, the son of Shiva and Parvati. Based on Hindu beliefs, Lord Ganesha is the god of wisdom, good fortune, and prosperity. Ganesh Chaturthi actually celebrates the date when Shiva declared Lord Ganesha as the most superior god among all gods. People in India celebrate Ganesh Chaturthi on the month of Bhaadrapada in Hindu calendar. Thus, the date of Ganesh Chaturthi in Gregorian calendar keeps moving from year to year.
The Date of Ganesh Chaturthi
Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated on the month of Bhaadrapada in Hindu calendar or between 19 August and 15 September based on Gregorian calendar.
When is Ganesh Chaturthi 2013?
Ganesh Chaturthi 2013 falls on Monday, 9 September 2013.
When is Ganesh Chaturthi 2014?
Ganesh Chaturthi 2014 falls on Friday, 19 August 2014.
According to a Hindu legend, Lord Ganesha was created by the consort of Lord Shiva – Goddess Parvati – out of sandalwood paste. She asked Lord Ganesha to guard the door while she was taking a bath. Guarding the door, Lord Ganesha forbade Lord Shiva to enter the bathroom without knowing that Lord Shiva was his mother’s consort. Lord Shiva became furious and beheaded Lord Ganesha. Realizing the fact that Lord Ganesha was his son, Lord Shiva fixed the situation by putting an elephant head in the place of Ganesha’s head. Since then, Lord Ganesha was depicted as the God with an elephant head.
Ganesh Chaturthi 2013 Celebrations
Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated throughout India and by Hindus in various countries including United States, Canada, Singapore, Thailand, Burma, Cambodia, Mauritius, and Fiji. The main celebration of Ganesh Chaturthi in India takes place in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Goa.
People in India celebrate Ganesh Chaturthi by buying the idols of Lord Ganeshas two or three months before the date of celebration. The idols are then installed at homes or at temporary structures for religious ceremonies in every locality. Then, lives are symbolically invoked to the idols by the priests through the chanting of mantras. Many kinds of offerings are presented to the idols, and people worship Ganesha for 10 days. On the 11th day, the idols of Lord Ganesha are immersed in a river or sea. This ritual is meant to immerse the misfortune together with the idols.
During Ganesh Chaturthi, a special dish named modak is usually served. Modak, also called modakam, modaka, modagam, or kudumu, is a dumpling made from rice flour stuffed with dry-grated coconut, dry fruits, or jaggery which is steamed or fried. Another main dish during Ganesh Chaturthi is called karanji. The only difference between modak and karanji is the shape – modak has a round shape while karanji has a semicircular shape.