Guru Nanak Birthday or Guru Nanak Jayanti is one of the most important festivals of Sikhism to commemorate the birthday of Guru Nanak, the first Sikh Guru. It is celebrated by the Sikhs, Nanakpanthi Hindus, and many other followers of Guru Nanak’s philosophy on the day of the full moon on Kartik month (Kartik Poornima) based on lunar Hindu calendar.
Date of Guru Nanak Birthday
Guru Nanak Birthday is celebrated annually on the full moon day of the month of Kartik in Hindu or Indian calendar. Thus, the date of Guru Nanak Birthday in Gregorian (Western) calendar vary from year to year, but it usually falls in November.
When is Guru Nanak Birthday 2013?
Guru Nanak Birthday 2013 falls on Sunday, 17 November 2013.
Origin of Guru Nanak Birthday
The first Guru or founder of Sikhism religion, Guru Nanak Dev, was born on 15 April 1469 in Rhail-Bhol-di Talwandi, now Shekupura district of Pakistan. Sikh people believe that inherited divinity and religious authority to the other nine Sikh Gurus after him. Based on Indian calendar, Guru Nanak was born on Kartik Poornima (the day of full moon in the month Kartik) which falls around November in Gregorian calendar. Thus, the Birthday of Guru Nanak is celebrated on movable dates around November each year.
Guru Nanak Birthday 2013 Celebration
The celebration of Guru Nanak Birthday is usually last for three days starting from two days before the date. It begins with Aknand Path or 48-hour non-stop reading of the holy book of the Sikhs, Guru Granth Sahib, on the first day of celebration.
On the second day, a procession carrying Sikh flag and Palanquin of Sri Guru Granth Shahib are held. The procession is followed by the singing of hymns by singer team and singing of chorus by the devotees. Some martial arts and traditional battles with weapon are also performed in this day.
The celebration of Guru Nanak Birthday on the final day begins with the singing of hymne early in the morning. This ritual is followed by the exposition of Sikh scripture (Katha) and hymns from Sikh scriptures (Kristan) in the praise of Guru Nanak. On this day, free communal lunch (Langar) is also served to everyone regardless the caste and creed.