Hangul Day / Korean Alphabet Day

Hangul Day is one of national commemorative days in Korea to commemorate the invention and proclamation of native Korean language alphabet, hangul (한글), by King Sejong the Great. People in South Korea observe the holiday on October 9 while North Korean people observe it on January 15 as Chosun-gul Day.

What is Hangul?

Hangul is the current Korean alphabetical system. It is considered one of the most scientific alphabet in the world since the form of each Hangul letter is closely related to how the sound of the letter is produced. Hangul is very easy to learn. That’s why the illiteracy rate of South Korea is very low, below 2%, and most Korean children are able to read when they are only three years old.

Date of Hangul Day

When is Hangul Day 2013?
Hangul Day 2013 in South Korea falls on Wednesday, 9 October 2013.

When is Hangul Day 2014?
Hangul Day 2014 in South Korea falls on Thursday, 9 October 2014.

Origin of Hangul Day

In the ninth month of lunar calendar, it is believed that King Sejong announced Hunmin Jeongeum publication in which the newly created alphabet, Hangul, was introduced. The Hangul Society (Korean Language Society) observed the last day of the ninth month in lunar calendar 1926 as the anniversary of the declaration of hangul. In Gregorian calendar, the last date of the ninth month falls on November 4. Thus, the date is observed as Hangul Day in South Korea.

2013 Hangul Day Celebration

People in South Korea celebrate Hangul Day as a national day, but it is not a public day off. Thus, most employees are not granted a day off while many businesses, government offices, schools, and banks remain open. On this day, several events related to Hangul are organized in some major tourist attractions in South Korea including Sejong Center for the Performing Arts, Memorial Museum of King Sejong the Great, and Gyeongbokgung Palace.

Many Hangul related events are also held in some universities in Korea. These events include typography exhibition, Hangul calligraphy exhibition, presentation of the origins of Hangul as well as the other alphabets, and many others. There is also Hangul calligraphy contest which is held in different categories so that Korean people from all ages are able to participate in the contest.

Happy Hangul Day 2013 ! Happy Korean Alphabet Day 2013 !