There are 15 official holidays a year in Japan. Yet, Japanese people celebrate many traditional holidays and festivals due to their strong adherence to the local custom and tradition. Some traditional festivals in Japan have their roots from China and Nepal. Although they are not official holidays, some businesses are closed on the dates of Japanese festivals. 

Based on the provision of Public Holiday Law in Japan, a substitute holiday (furikae kyujitsu) must be observed when a national holiday falls on Sunday. The law also stipulates a day off on a work day between two national holidays in Japan. This holiday is known as citizen’s holiday (kokumin no kyojitsu).

Japan Public Holidays 2014 & Japanese Festivals 2014

Here is the list of 2014 Japan holidays and festivals. 2014 public holidays in Japan are denoted either as national holiday or bank & government holiday.

New Year (Shogatsu)
New Year is the most important holiday in Japan. January 1 is the only designated national holiday, but most businesses are closed until January 3. Bank and government employees in Japan are granted 3 official holidays from 1 to 3 January.
New Year 2014
Wednesday, 1 January 2014

Coming of Age (Seijin No Hi)
Seijin no hi is celebrated to congratulate and encourage Japanese people who reach the mature age (20).
Coming of Age 2014
2nd Monday of January
Monday, 13 January 2014

Beginning of Spring (Setsubun)
Setsubun is not a national holiday, but it is celebrated at shrines and temples throughout Japan. Japanese people celebrate Setsubun by throwing beans inside and outside the house.
Setsubun 2014
Monday, 3 February 2014

National Foundation Day (Kenkoku Kinenbi)
Kenkoku Kinenbi is a day to reflect the establishment of the nation.
National Foundation Day 2014
Tuesday, 11 February 2014

Valentine’s Day
Valentine’s Day is a day to celebrate love. Although Valentine’s Day is not an official holiday in Japan, it is considered a very special day when women give chocolates to men.
Valentine’s Day 2014
Friday, 14 February 2014

Doll’s Festival (Hina Matsuri)
Hinamatsuri, also known as Girl’s Day, is a special celebration for daughters of every family in Japan. It is not a national holiday, but is celebrated nationwide.
Monday, 3 March 2014

White Day
White Day is the reciprocation event for Valentine’s Day. In this special day, men give chocolates or gifts to women who gave them chocolates on Valentine’s Day. White Day is not a national holiday.
White Day 2014
Friday, 14 March 2014

Spring Equinox Day (Shunbun No Hi)
Shunbun No Hi is celebrated to admire the nature and love living things.
Spring Equinox Day 2014
Thursday, 20 March 2014

Showa Day (Showa No Hi)
Showa No Hi is a commemoration of the former Showa Emperor’s birthday.
Showa Day 2014
Tuesday, 29 April 2014

Constitution Memorial Day (Kenpo Kinenbi)
Kenpo Kinenbi commemorates the effectuation of Japan’s post war constitution. It is a part of Golden Week in Japan.
Constitution Memorial Day 2014
Saturday, 3 May 2014

Greenery Day (Midori No Hi)
Midori No Hi is a special day to commune with nature and be grateful for its blessings. It is a part of Golden Week in Japan.
Greenery Day 2014
Sunday, 4 May 2014
*Tuesday, 6 May 2014 (substitute holiday)

Children’s Day (Kodomo No Hi)
Kodomo No Hi, also known as boy’s festival, is a special day to esteem children’s personality and plan for their happiness.
Children’s Day 2014
Monday, 5 May 2014

Star Festival (Tanabata)
Tanabata is a traditional festival in Japan. The Japanese believe that Orihime and Hikoboshi deities meet once a year on this day. Tanabata is not a national holiday.
Monday, 7 July 2014

Festival of Souls (Obon)
Obon is celebrated to honor the spirits of ones’ ancestors. It is not a national holiday, but many businesses are closed and employees are granted some days off. Tokyo and some cities in Kanto region celebrate Obon on July, but many other cities celebrate it on August.
Bon Festival 2014
Sunday, 13 July 2014
Monday, 14 July 2014
Tuesday, 15 July 2014

Ocean Day (Umi No Hi)
Umi No Hi is celebrated to show gratitude for the blessings of the ocean.
Ocean Day 2014
3rd Monday of July
Monday, 21 July 2014

Festival of Souls (Obon)
Obon is celebrated to honor the spirits of ones’ ancestors. It is not a national holiday, but many businesses are closed and employees are granted some days off. Tokyo and some cities in Kanto region celebrate Obon on July, but many other cities celebrate it on August.
Wednesday, 13 August 2014
Thursday, 14 August 2014
Friday, 15 August 2014

Respect for the Aged Day (Keiro No Hi)
Respect for the Aged Day is celebrated to respect and honor the elderly.
Respect for the Aged Day 2014
3rd Monday of September
Monday, 15 September 2014

Autumn Equinox Day (Shubun No Hi)
Shubun No Hi is a special day to honor the ancestors and remember the dead.
Tuesday, 24 September 2014

Health and Sports Day (Taiku No Hi)
Taiku No Hi a special day to enjoy sports and cultivate a healthy mind and body.
Health and Sports Day 2014
2nd Monday of October
Monday, 13 October 2014

Culture Day (Bunka No Hi)
Bunka No Hi is a day to celebrate peace and freedom as well as to promote culture.
Culture Day 2014
Monday, 3 November 2014

Seven-Five-Three Festival (Shichi-Go-San)
Shichigosan is a festival for children aged 7, 5, and 3 in Japan. It is not a national holiday.
Seven Five Three Festival 2014
Saturday, 15 November 2014

Labour Thanksgiving Day (Kinro Kansha No Hi)
Kinro Kansha No Hi is a day to respect and praise labor and give thanks to each other.
Labour Thanksgiving Day 2014
Sunday, 23 November 2014
*Monday, 24 November 2014 (substitute holiday)

Emperor’s Birthday (Tenno No Tanjoubi)
Emperor’s Birthday celebrates the birth of the reigning emperor.
Emperor’s Birthday 2014
Tuesday, 23 December 2014

Christmas Day
Christmas Day is the celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ. It is not a national holiday, but it is celebrated nationwide.
Christmas 2014
Thursday, 25 December 2014

New Year’s Eve (Omisoka)
New Year’s Eve is the evening before New Year. It is a legal holiday only for government and bank employees.
Yet, many businesses in Japan only operate until the 25th of December.
New Year’s Eve 2014
Wednesday, 31 December 2014

Happy Japan Holidays 2014! Enjoy Japanese Holidays and Festivals 2014!