Independence Day of Mexico

Mexican Independence Day (Día de Independencia) is a public holiday in Mexico which marks the beginning of Mexican people movement against Spanish colonialism. The combat between Mexican people and Spanish forces was then known as the Mexican War of Independence. People in Mexico celebrates Independence Day on 16 September every year.

When is Mexican Independence Day 2013?
Mexican Independence Day 2013 falls on Monday, 16 September 2013.

When is Mexican Independence Day 2014?
Mexican Independence Day 2014 falls on Tuesday, 16 September 2014.

The Origin of Mexican Independence Day
On 16 September 1810, people in a small town of Mexico, Dolores, began their opposition against Spanish forces. This event was then known as the Grito de Dolores (Cry of Dolores) or El Grito de La Independencia (Cry of the Independence) that marks the beginning of the Mexican War of Independence.

Mexican people led by Miguel Hidalgo, a priest in Dolores, were not able to encounter nor overpower Spanish armies at that time. Thus, Mexico did not achieve its independence from Spain until more than 10 years later. Even so, the anniversary of the beginning of the Mexican War of Independence was observed as Mexican Independence Day every year to commemorate the bravery of Mexican people to encounter Spanish armies.

Mexican Independence Day Celebration
The celebration of Mexican Independence Day stars from the night of 15 September at about 11 pm. The main celebration takes part in Mexico City in which the President of Mexico rings the bell at the National Palace. Then, the President yell out Grito Mexicano (a cry of patriotism) consisting of some names of Mexican heroes from the balcony of National Palace. The yell is ended with with three times shout of Viva Mexico, another ring of bell, and the wave of the flag of Mexico.

Aside from Mexico City, the other cities and towns in Mexico and Mexican embassies worldwide usually conduct the same celebration led by the mayor, governor, or ambassador on the eve of Mexican Independence Day. The next day, parades, carnivals, concerts, marching band competitions, and patriotic programs are held in most cities of Mexico to enliven the celebration of Mexican Independence Day.

Below is the full version of Cry of Dolores.
¡Vivan los heroes que nos dieron patria! ¡Viva!
¡Viva Hidalgo! ¡Viva!
¡Viva Morelos! ¡Viva!
¡Viva Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez! ¡Viva!
¡Viva Allende! ¡Viva!
¡Vivan Aldama y Matamoros! ¡Viva!
¡Viva nuestra independencia! ¡Viva!
¡Viva Mexico! ¡Viva!
¡Viva Mexico! ¡Viva!
¡Viva Mexico! ¡Viva!

Below is the full version of Cry of Dolores in English.
Long live the heroes that gave us the Fatherland!
Long live Hidalgo!
Long Live Morelos!
Long Live Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez!
Long Live Allende!
Long Live Aldama and Matamoros!
Long Live National Independence!
Long Live Mexico!
Long Live Mexico!
Long Live Mexico!

Happy Mexican Independence Day 2013 !