Philippine Independence Day is a national holiday in Philippines observed on 12 June every year to commemorate the declaration of Philippines Independence from the colonialism of Spain in 1898. Most employees and students are granted days off on this day to participate in the festive Philippine Independence Day celebrations.
When is Philippine Independence Day 2014?
Philippine Independence Day 2014 will be celebrated on Thursday, 12 June 2014.
Background of Philippine Independence Day
Philippines declared its independence from Spanish rule on June 12, 1898. However, neither Spain nor the United States acknowledged the Philippines Declaration of Independence. Instead, Spain handed over Philippines to the United States which later gave independence to the Philippines through the Treaty of Manila on 4 July 1946.
Philippines observed 4 July as its Independence Day temporarily until President Diosdado Macapagal declared the shift of Philippines Independence Day to 12 June through the Presidential Proclamation No. 28 issued on 12 May 1962. 4 July was then renamed as the Philippine Republic Day.
Philippine Independence Day Celebration
During Philippine Independence Day, government offices, schools, and most businesses are closed, but some shops and malls remain open. Parades and festivals are held in many streets of Philippines, so some streets are probably closed, and public transports pass through some alternative routes.
The main agenda on the Philippine Independence Day takes place in Manila where the current President of Philippines usually lead the police and military parade. After the parade, the President will give a speech, followed by 21-gun salute.
Formerly, Philippine Independence Day is considered as a national Flag Day when the Filipinos are required to fly the Philippine Flag. In 1964, the Flag Day was moved to 28 May to commemorate the first Philippine flag being flown in a battle.