South Korea Public Holidays
South Korea holidays are categorized as National Celebration Day (Hangul: 국경일, Hanja: 國慶日), National Flag Raising Day (Hangul: 국기게양일, Hanja: 國旗揭揚日) or Public Day Off (Hangul: 공휴일, Hanja: 公休日). South Korean National Celebration Day are always National Flag Raising Day, but the opposite is not always true.

South Korea Public Holidays 2012 Calendar

South Korea Holidays 2012
Here is South Korea 2012 holidays calendar

New Year’s Day 신정(新正) (Sinjeong)
1 January (Public Day Off)
The New Year’s day according to the Gregorian Calendar.
Sunday, 1 January 2012

Korean New Year’s Day 설날(Seollal)
The 1st day of the 1st lunar month (Public Day Off)(3days)
Also called “Seol(설)” or “Gujeong(구정, 舊正)”, this is the first day of the Korean lunar calendar. It is the most important of the traditional Korean holidays, along with Chuseok.
Sunday, 22 January 2012
Monday, 23 January 2012
Tuesday, 24 January 2012

Independence(Declaration) Day 3.1절(三一節) (Samiljeol)
1 March (Public Day Off)
Independence day commemorates the March 1st Independence Movement in 1919, when Korean people rose up peacefully against the Japanese Imperial colonialism. Korea had maintained a flourishing culture and independent state for thousands of years, until it succumbed to Japan in 1910 in the backdrop of worldwide colonialism. The movement led to the establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea in April 13, 1919, which was later continued to a fully empowered government after the end of World War II.
Thursday, 1 March 2012

Children’s Day 어린이날(Eorininal)
5 May (Public Day Off)
Children’s Day is instituted to celebrate childhood and promote children’s rights and happiness. In 1922, Jeong-hwan Bang and others declared May 1st as Children’s Day, which was changed to May 5 in 1946. It became a public holiday in 1975.
Saturday, 5 May 2012

Buddha’s Birthday 석가탄신일 (釋迦誕辰日) (Seokgatansinil)
The 8th day of the 4th lunar month (Public Day Off)
Also called “Bucheonnim Osinnal (부처님 오신 날)” or “Sawol Chopail (사월 초파일,四月初八日)”. It commemorates Gautama Buddha’s birth. Buddhism is not only one of the oldest but one of the biggest religions in Korea.
Monday, 28 May 2012

Memorial Day 현충일(顯忠日) (Hyeonchung-il)
6 June (Public Day Off)
Memorial Day commemorates men and women who served and died defending the nation as well as those who bravely carried out the independence movement during the 36 years of Japanese colonization. On this day, a national commemoration ceremony is held in Seoul National Cemetery.
Wednesday, 6 June 2012

Constitution Day 제헌절(制憲節) (Jeheonjeol)
17 July (Working Day)
The first Constitution of the Republic of Korea was declared in July 17, 1948. “Jeheon(제헌)” literally means Making of Constitution.
Tuesday, 17 July 2012

Liberation Day 광복절(光復節)(Gwangbokjeol)
15 August (Public Day Off)
Korean people were liberated from the Japanese colonization on August 15, 1945 at the end of the World War II, when Japan declared an unconditional surrender to the Allied Forces. On August 15, 1948 the first Republic of Korea was established. The word “Gwangbok(광복)” means “restoration of light”.
Wednesday, 15 August 2012

Korean Thanksgiving 추석(秋夕) (Chuseok)
The 15th day of the 8th lunar month (Public Day Off)(3days)
Also called “Han-gawi (한가위)” it is the Harvest Festival where Koreans thank the first rice harvest of the year. As with many Asian nations, rice is the main diet for Koreans. Together with Seollal, it is one of the biggest holidays. Farmers pay tribute to ancestors for good harvest; families and relatives meet and celebrate the holidays. Many visit their ancestral hometowns and share a feast of traditional food, which invariably create traffic jams of epic proportion for a few days.
Chuseok 2012
Saturday, 29 September 2012
Sunday, 30 September 2012
Monday, 1 October 2012

Armed Forces Day 국군(國軍)의 날 (Gukgunuinal)
1 October (Working Day)
Armed Forces Day recognizes, venerates, and honors the military forces of the Republic of Korea, for their services.
In 2012, since it falls on the same day as Chuseok holiday, 1 October is non-working day.
Monday, 1 October 2012

National Foundation Day 개천절(開天節) (Gaecheonjeol)
3 October (Public Day Off)
Korean history goes back to thousands of years, and the first state in historical records is called Gojoseon, according to Samguk Yusa, a thousand year old history book. The founder of the nation is Dangun, a son of a god and a bear-woman. Gojoseon is deemd to have been founded on the 3rd day of 10th lunar month, 2333 BCE. Koreans celebrate their national foundation on October 3 according to the solar calendar, for convenience sake. “Gaecheonjeol(개천절)” literally means “The day when heaven opened up”.
Korean National Foundation Day 2012
Wednesday, 3 October 2012

Hangul Day 한글날 (Hangeullal)
9 October (Working Day)
Hangul Day commemorates the invention (1443) and the proclamation (1446) of Hangul, the native phonetic writing system, much like western alphabet, that was planned and created specifically for the Korean language. The current version consists of 14 consonants and 10 vowels, which can be combined to form tens of thousands of syllables. It was the strong will of King Sejong the Great, according to history, that created Hangul through some 30 years of research by dozens of high scholars including Sejong himself. Koreans are proud that Hangul is a most scientific and versatile form of phonetic alphabet system that also allows extremely simple computerization. Curiously, the actual form of Hangul looks syllabic, for vowels and consonants are typically combined into units of syllables.
Hangul Day 2012
Tuesday, 9 October 2012

Christmas Day 기독탄신일 (基督誕辰日)(Gidoktansinil)
25 December (Public Day Off)
Christmas, like many nations in the world, is also widely observed in Korea. Also called “Seongtanjeol (성탄절, 聖誕節)” in Korean (especially among Christians), the official Korean name fixed by law is “Gidoktansinil”2. This day is to celebrate the birthday of Jesus Christ. Christianity is the one of two major religions, along with Buddhism, in Korea.
Christmas 2012
Tuesday, 25 December 2012

Types of South Korean Holidays

National Celebrations Days
National Celebrations Days commemorate events considered joyous to Korea as a country; they are Independence Declaration Day, Constitution Day, Liberation Day, National Foundation Day, and Hangul Day.

National Flag Raising Days
Raising of South Korean national flag (Taegukgi) is encouraged at every house on National Flag Raising Days. All the National Celebration Days are National Flag Raising Days. In addition, January 1, Memorial Day(half staff), Armed Forces Day are also National Flag Raising Days.

Public Day Off
There are non-working holidays regulated by the “Ordinance Concerning the Holidays of Government and Public Offices”. It was originally intended for government offices, but most business also follows the holidays.

More South Korean 2012 Holidays Resources

Official Korea Tourism Site
South Korea Hotels

Download South Korea 2012 calendar with holidays
Get free printable South Korea 2012 calendar with official holidays

Happy South Korean Holidays 2012 !