The United States does not have legal national holidays where all employees in the U.S. receive a day free from work and all business is halted. The U.S. Federal government recognize only holidays that pertain to its own employees, thus called as “US Federal Holidays”. It is at the discretion of each state or local jurisdiction to determine official holiday schedules.
However, since the US Federal holidays is often adopted as official holidays in many institution, it is usually accepted as de factor guide for determining holiday dates.
There are eleven such US Federal holidays, ten annual and one quadrennial holiday. The annual Federal holidays are widely observed by state and local governments; however, they may alter the dates of observance or add or subtract holidays according to local custom. There are also U.S. state holidays particular to individual U.S. states.
Based on the Uniform Holidays Bill of 1968 (taking effect in 1971), all official holidays are observed on Monday, with exception for New Year’s Day, Independence Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas.
Most retail businesses close on Thanksgiving and Christmas, but remain open on all other holidays. Private businesses often observe only the “big six” holidays (New Year’s Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas). Some also add the Friday after Thanksgiving, or one or more of the other federal holidays.
List United States of America Federal Holidays Date
United States 2012 Holidays Calendar – 2012 Federal Holidays
List of US Federal Holidays in 2012 Calendar Year: